Difference between Himalayan and Peninsular rivers

share this

Rivers act as life lines to the country by giving life to the people in the country. Rivers form flexible soils and help cultivation of lands, hydro-electricity is generated through the dams constructed over the rivers and they acts as medium of transportation through inland water-ways.

The rivers in India can be broadly categorized into two categories, they are The Himalayan rivers and The Peninsular rivers. This article concentrates on communicating the differences between Himalayan Rivers and Peninsular Rivers.


The Himalayan Rivers originate from the ice-glaciers in the high mountain regions of the North India. The glaciers acts as a major sources of water in the Himalayan Rivers. The water remains throughout the year and they are perennial in nature. The Himalayan River system is comprised of Ganges, Sindhu and Brahmaputra.


The Peninsular Rivers are non-perennial in nature. The monsoon rains acts as a major source of water for the peninsular rivers. These rivers have heavy flow during the rainy season and reduced flow during the dry season. All peninsular rivers flow towards east and join Bay of Bengal except a few. The godavari, krishna, tungabadhra, cauveri, etc are called as peninsular rivers.


The Himalayan Rivers are born in the himalayas in the Northern part of the India. The Peninsular Rivers are born in the western ghats of the India
The Himalayan Rivers are perennial rivers. The Peninsular Rivers are not perennial.
These rivers mainly flow in the states of the North India. These rivers flow in the states of South India.
The Ganges river is considered as the longest river in the Himalayan River system. The Godavari river is considered as the largest river in the Peninsular River system.
All Himalayan rivers are born nearly at one place with some kilometers distance and are separated by mountain ranges. All Peninsular rivers are born at varied places and many dams are constructed on them to use the water for various purposes.
The Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra rivers are considered as major rivers in the Himalayan river system. The Godavari, Krishna, kaveri, Penna are the major rivers in the Peninsular river system.


From the above discussion, we can conclude that the Himalayan rivers are treated as purely North-Indian rivers and the Peninsular rivers are treated as a South-Indian rivers. Both Himalayan and Peninsular rivers flow through many states helping many agricultural farmers, transport of goods, Hydro-electricity etc.