Indian Sub-continent is located in the southern part of the Asian Continent and it is surrounded by Indian Ocean on three sides. India is a very extensive country and lies totally on the northern hemisphere of the globe.
The plains that are situated on the coast are called as Costal Plains. India has very vast costal area and the Costal Plains are divided into 2 types as follows,
- Eastern Coastal Plain
- Western Coastal Plain
EASTERN COASTAL PLAIN
The Eastern Coastal Plain lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal (which is situated at eastern part of the Indian subcontinent). The Eastern Coastal Plain is agasin sub-divided into 3 types, they are as follows, a) Utkal Coast b) Circar Coast C) Coramandal Coast
WESTERN COASTAL PLAIN
The Western Coastal Plain lies between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea (which is situated at the western part of the Indian sub-continent). The Western Coastal Plain is again sub-divided into 3 types, they are as follows,
a) Konkan Coast b) Canara Coast c) Malabar Coast.
EASTERN COASTAL PLAINWESTERN COASTAL PLAINEastern Coastal Plain is located at the eastern part of India.Western Coastal Plain is located at the western part of India. LIES BETWEENEastern Coastal Plain lies between the Eastern Ghats and the Bay of Bengal.Western Coastal Plain lies between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea. SURFACE STRUCTUREEastern Coastal Plains are wide and have large surface structure.Western Coastal Plains are narrower than the Eastern Coastal Plains. STRETCHIt stretches from Mahanadi in Odish to Cauvery delta in Tamil Nadu.It starts at the Rann of Kutch in Gujarat and ends at Kanyakumari in Tamil Nadu. LAND FERTILITYThe lands of Eastern Coastal Plains are very fertile.The lands of Western Coastal Plains are less fertile. AGRICULTUREThe areas located in the Eastern Coastal Plains are agriculturally very well developed.The areas located in the Western Coastal Plains are agriculturally not not developed. RIVERSThese plains are formed by rivers Mahanadi, Godavari, Krishna and Cauvery.These plains are not acquainted with many rivers and they are also uneven and broken by hill terrain. LAKESThe important lakes of Eastern Coastal Plain are Lake Chilka in Odisha and Kolleru and Pulicat in Andhra Pradesh.There are no lakes present in the Western Coastal Plains. DIVIDED INTOThese plains can be divided into 3 parts, Utkal Coast, Circar Coast and Coramandal Coast.These plains can be divided into 3 parts, Konkan Coast, Canara Coast and Malabar Coast.
The above mentioned differences are mainly about Coastal Plains of India and like Plains, there are Ghats ( Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats) in India.